What is Common Cold?
The common cold is usually harmless, and it’s a viral infection of the nose and throat or upper respiratory illness. A common cold is the most occurring disease in the world during snowfall, winter, and spring.
A common cold could spread either by direct contact with infected secretion from contaminated surfaces or when a person inhales the airborne virus when the person with common cold sneeze and cough.
Causes of Common Cold
In spite of there are many viruses that cause the common cold, rhinovirus is the most common virus. Common cold virus spreads and enters your body through nose, eyes, and mouth when a person suffering from the cold sneeze, talks then the infection can spread through the droplets in the air.
Cold can also be caused by hand-to-hand contact with someone who is sick, and you share their utensils, towels, toys, keyboard, remote and other objects they are using with contaminated hands.
Chances of getting a cold can increase in children who are younger than the age of six, if your immune system is not strong enough, if you are a smoker then you are more prone to common cold when you are surrounded by people who have a cold.
You can fall sick by common cold anytime in a year, but children and adults are more susceptible to colds in winter.
Signs and Symptoms of Common Cold
Symptoms of cold vary from person to person, and these signs usually take time of 1-3 days to appear after the exposure to a cold causing virus. Symptoms of cold are as follows:
- A sore Throat
- Runny Nose
- Low-grade fever
When you need to see a Doctor
- If a child has a fever of 100.4F (38 C) in newborns up to 12 weeks
- Fever lasting more than 2 days
- If the condition of a child is not improving and get worse
- In case of severe symptoms as a headache and cough
- Ear pain
- Extreme fussiness
- Unusual drowsiness
- Lack of Appetite
- If an adult has a fever higher than 101.3 F (38.5)
- Fever lasts 5 days or more
- Breathing problems
- A headache, sore throat or sinus pain
Complications in Common Cold
A common cold can trigger an asthma attack.
If the bacteria and viruses enter the space behind the eardrum, then it can cause otitis media. The symptoms of otitis media are an earache and in some cases thick green and yellow discharge from the nose and sometimes return of fever again and again after a fever-free period.
Common cold can lead to inflammation and infection of the sinuses when your cold doesn’t resolve from 5 days.
Common cold can also cause sometimes infections like strep throat or streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia, and croup or bronchiolitis in children and these infections need to be treated by the doctor.
Always wash your hands properly: Make sure to clean to clean your hands thoroughly with soap and water before eating and after touching the public property or the things of the person who has a cold. While traveling, carry alcohol-based hand sanitizer with you.
Disinfect your stuff: Clean your kitchen and bathroom with disinfectant especially when you are living with the person who is ill. Wash children toys time to time.
Use Tissue: While sneezing use tissue and discard tissues right away and wash your hands. Teach your children the importance of washing hands and using tissues.
Avoid close contact with the person having a cold.
Exercise, eat well and take a good diet to make your immune system stronger and good sleep will help to prevent a frequent common cold.