High blood pressure is a very common problem and it’s a very serious problem as if you don’t take care of yourself or left untreated your hypertension or high blood pressure problem then in later age you will face heart problems. High blood pressure can cause damage to your blood vessels and organs especially your brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.
Early detection of high blood pressure is very important and for this, you can go for regular blood pressure readings. Before we move further and discuss the causes and symptoms of high blood pressure, you should know the different type of blood pressure categories
Here are the Different Blood Pressure Categories
Check out the five blood pressure ranges as recognized by the American Heart Association(AHA) are:
What is Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure numbers that are within the normal range of less than 120/80 mm.
What is Elevated Blood Pressure
Elevated BP is a situation when readings are consistently ranging from 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic. People with elevated blood pressure are likely to develop high blood pressure unless the appropriate steps or precautions are taken to control it.
What is Hypertension Stage 1
This is the first stage of Hypertension when blood pressure is consistently ranging from 130-139 systolic/80-89 mmHg diastolic. At this stage of high blood pressure, one should go to see the doctor and doctors usually prescribe lifestyle changes and may consider adding blood pressure medication based on your risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) such as heart attack or stroke.
What is Hypertension Stage 2
Stage 2 of Hypertension is when your blood is consistently ranging at levels of 140 and above or 90 mmHg or above. Here, doctor prescribes a combination of both medications and lifestyle changes.
What Hypertensive Crises
This is a very serious stage, here your blood pressure is higher than 180 and 120, at this situation don’t wait to see if your blood pressure comes down on its own just see the doctor right away. Signs of “Hypertensive crises” organ damage such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, change in vision, difficulty in speaking if you experience any of these immediately call to doctor.
Causes of High Blood Pressure or Hypertension
Below are the risk factors for high blood pressure because the exact causes of high blood pressure are not known but several things may play a role as:
Family History of High Blood Pressure
Hereditary, if your family members have high blood pressure problem chances of developing high blood pressure are significantly higher.
Chances of high blood pressure is more after the age of 50. So, after a certain age, it is recommended to make few changes in your lifestyle and diet.
African or South Asian ancestry has a higher risk of hypertension as compared to the people Caucasian or Amerindian ancestries.
Overweight or obesity
Overweight and obese people are more likely to develop high blood pressure problem or hypertension as compared to people with normal weight. Your weight should be balanced according to your height and age.
Generally, high blood pressure problem is more common among the adult men than adult women. Although, after the age of 60 years both men and women are equally at the risk of having high blood pressure problem.
Lack of exercise or physical activities may raise the risk of high blood pressure or hypertension.
Smoking narrows your blood vessels which result in higher blood pressure. Smoking also reduces the blood’s oxygen content so the heart has to pump faster in order to compensate and cause high blood pressure or hypertension.
Too much alcohol consumption
People who consume alcohol more than 1 or 2 every day have systolic blood pressure than people who do not. Researchers found that systolic blood pressure levels are about 7 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) higher in people who drink frequently than in people who do not drink.
Too much salt intake
The main reason or cause of high blood pressure is high sodium diet or too much consumption of salt.
High Fat Diet
According to health professionals, high-fat diet raises the problem of high blood pressure risk. But the problem is not with how much fat you are consuming but with what type of fat you are consuming. For example, fats from avocados, nuts, omega oils, olive oils are good for you rather than saturated and Trans fats.
If you are going through stress for a long time, it may have a serious impact on your blood pressure.
Diabetics are more likely to have hypertension or high blood pressure because high blood sugar is a risk factor for incident hypertension.
High blood pressure is the most common medical problem encountered during pregnancy, moreover, it complicates 2 to 3 percent of all pregnancies.
Signs or Symptoms of High Blood Pressure or Hypertension
In the initial stages of hypertension you will not experience any of the symptoms but once your blood pressure reaches the stage of hypertensive crises that is about 180/110 mmHg, it is considered as a medical emergency and you may feel any of the below symptoms:
- Nose bleeding
- Blurred Vision or Double Vision
- Palpitation, Irregular or forceful heartbeat
It is recommended to keep an eye on your blood pressure because uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of health problems, including heart attack and stroke. So, it is important to maintain a healthy weight, reduce salt, eating plenty of vegetables and fruit, and being physically active will help to prevent hypertension problem.