High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy (Causes, Symptoms & Prevention)

Hypertension and Pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy is not a serious problem when you know how to take care of yourself and your baby. What you have to do in pregnancy is to monitor your blood pressure on the daily basis because ignoring high blood pressure or hypertension can create the complications for both the mother and the baby.

How can you track blood pressure during pregnancy at home?

You don’t need to go to the doctor every day, buy a blood pressure monitor from a pharmacy or on online medical goods store. But after a purchase, make sure that the monitor is read your blood pressure right, and for this, you can go to your doctor and compare the readings. And pregnant ladies must keep a check on their blood pressure and to get accurate readings, check your blood pressure at the same time every day using the same arm and with the legs uncrossed.

Every pregnancy lady should be aware of the causes and symptoms of High Blood Pressure. Let’s have a look at the causes and symptoms of high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy

Causes of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

  • Smoking
  • Drinking Alcohol in pregnancy
  • When you are not Active
  • Overweight
  • First Pregnancy
  • Family History of Pre-eclampsia
  • Woman BMI is 35 or more
  • Pregnancy after the age of 40
  • Carrying more than one baby
  • A woman already have the Vascular disease or Kidney Disease

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

High Blood Pressure or pregnancy-induced Hypertension (PIH) could be a serious condition and can lead to the Toxemia and Pre-eclampsia. Pregnant women should check their blood pressure regularly and must be aware of the signs of high blood pressure so they can contact the doctor in the early stages.

  • Swelling on Hands and Face
  • Rapid Weight Gain
  • Persistent Headaches
  • Spots or Stars in front of your eyes
  • Blurred Vision
  • Pain in the upper right side of your abdomen

Types of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

Women may face High blood pressure even before pregnancy. But in most of the cases, high blood pressure develops during pregnancy. Let’s have a look at the types of Hypertension during pregnancy.

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational Hypertension or Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) in women develop after the 20 weeks of pregnancy without the presence of protein in urine or any other signs of Preeclampsia. Moreover, no diagnostic test is available to predict the probability of developing Gestational hypertension but there are some symptoms associated with gestational hypertension like sensitivity to light or blurred vision, a sudden rise in weight, vomiting, headache, and rise in blood pressure.

Chronic Hypertension

Chronic hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure is higher than normal blood pressure that is 120/90 or before the 20 weeks of pregnancy. A woman with chronic hypertension may have a headache, chest pain, weakness or dizziness, trouble in breathing, nosebleeds.

Chronic hypertension with Superimposed preeclampsia

First, what is Superimposed Preeclampsia? In this condition, women suffer from chronic hypertension before pregnancy develop worsening high blood pressure and protein in their urine with other blood pressure related complications during pregnancy.


Preeclampsia is the situation when hypertension develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and preeclampsia is associated with the signs of damage to other organs like kidneys, liver, blood or brain. Its a disorder of pregnancy denote by the onset of high blood pressure and increases the risk of poor outcomes for mother and the baby.

Signs and Symptoms of Preeclampsia

To know that you have Pre-eclampsia, women should know about the signs of preeclampsia hypertension.

A significant amount of protein in Urine or proteinuria

Signs of Kidney problems

A severe Headache


Impaired Liver function

A decline in levels of platelets in your blood

Shortness of breath

High Blood Pressure – Problem During Pregnancy

Why is high blood pressure is considered a serious problem during pregnancy? Here is the answer, because high blood pressure or hypertension brings a lot of problem during pregnancy as

Blood Flow to the placenta declines

When the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, baby in the womb might receive less oxygen and fewer nutrients which may lead to slow growth (intrauterine growth restriction), low birth weight or premature birth. Prematurity brings other problems like breathing problem, a risk of infection is high and other complications for the baby.

Placental Abruption

Pre-eclampsia increases the risk of the condition where the placenta gets splits from the inner wall of your uterus before delivery. Severe abruption leads to heavy bleeding and this situation can be life-threatening for you and your baby.

Intrauterine Growth Restriction

High Blood Pressure or Hypertension may results in slow down the growth of the baby.

Organs Injury

If you don’t take the prescriptions from your doctor at the right time, high blood pressure can results in injury to your brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver and other major organs.

Premature Delivery

When a pregnant woman continuously faces the problem of high blood pressure, they need a premature delivery to prevent the potentially life-threatening complications.

Cardiovascular Disease

Pre-eclampsia increases the risk of heart problems in future if women had a premature birth or pre-eclampsia more than once.

How to Prevent High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Well, Hereditary factors and Age-related factors are uncontrollable but there are some tips to keep your blood pressure in control while pregnancy such as:

Maintain a healthy weight

Be Active and get some exercise

Keep up with prenatal visits

Quit Smoking and Alcohol

Cut excess salt from the diet

Don’t take Stress and learn relaxation techniques to keep stress at bay, such as meditation and breathing

Other than this, during pregnancy should take care of their diet and health and never skip the prenatal visits. Keep a check on weight and blood pressure, women’s might need frequent blood and urine tests so your doctor can closely monitor baby’s growth and health, your health care provider monitors fetal heart rate and recommends monitoring baby’s daily movement so this is really important for the pregnant lady to visit your doctor for well being for their’s and baby health.


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About Yamini Singh 105 Articles
Confident, Quirky and Bold. Yamini is a fashion and lifestyle blogger who loves to utilize her style to experiment on new things and push limits. She always had a flair for writing, loves to read blogs and apart from fashion, she gives genuine dating and relationship tips.

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