Belly fat or abdominal obesity which is also known as central obesity takes place when excessive fat accumulates around your stomach to that extent that it may have a negative impact on your health.
Excess of fat around your abdominal area is very dangerous for your health. Because there is a strong relationship between abdominal obesity and heart diseases, diabetes and dyslipidemia.
There are two types of fat; visceral and subcutaneous fat. Subcutaneous fat which is found underneath of our skin and it is intramuscular fat as opposed to visceral fat known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat and it is placed inside the peritoneal cavity. When visceral fat develops in excess, it comes in the form of belly fat. The rising fat around your abdominal area increases the risk of diseases like blood lipid disorders, inflammation, insulin resistance, full-blown diabetes, and increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
Health Problems Cause by Belly Fat
Type 2 Diabetes
According to the Harvard Medical School’s theory, the fat close to the organs release the metabolic products directly into the parts of the body that carries blood straight to the liver. That means that these fat cells pour fatty acids into the liver, pancreas, heart and other organs and this brings the problem of organ dysfunction, improper control of insulin, cholesterol and blood sugar and increase the risk of chronic diseases.
Excess of Visceral fat produce more insulin, and the glucose is taken up by the liver to store for future use. But in case if the liver is covered in fatty tissue, and it can not respond to insulin quickly, then it increases the risk of type 2 diabetes because this is the situation where the blood sugar accumulates in the bloodstream instead of being processed by the liver.
According to some studies presence of too much internal fat around the abdominal organs such as heart, liver and pancreas increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Belly fat and Alzheimer’s disease has a strong relation. It has been found that middle-aged people with large amounts of internal abdominal fat are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease in their life.
Belly fat can also cause the problem of asthma. It is because of excess fat around your belly causes the breathing problem as the muscles get tighter as the airway is narrower. Obese people breath quickly and often small volumes of air. Also, obese people are 1.44-times more likely to develop asthma.