Low blood pressure refers to a condition where the pressure of the blood in the body is below the normal level. Funnily, hypotension is not the same for all. One person can have chronic low blood pressure and yet be completely healthy.
Low blood pressure will have consequences only if it causes a negative impact on the body. When the pressure of the blood suddenly falls it fails to circulate properly in the vital organs of the body. This often makes the person unconscious.
How does Low pressure Happen?
Blood pressure does not remain constant throughout the day and night. It usually rises and falls as you sleep, wake up and move or stay at rest.
It even responds to mood swings and temperamental changes. A sudden change in position or standing up from the sitting position often causes a drop in the blood pressure.
The body is sensitive to the pressure changes and constantly adjusts itself to ensure proper blood flow throughout the body and the vital organs.
For healthy people, this pressure change does not cause any damage but for the sick and aged this pressure change can be detrimental to health.
People who are more likely to get Low Blood Pressure
- Aged people above 65 years can face this problem. The blood pressure drops either after eating or owing to sudden physical movements. Postural and orthostatic hypotension can frequently be observed in adults or older age group.
- A fall in blood pressure can be seen among young adults and children who suffer from fainting reflex. This is a condition where an abnormal reflex movement takes place between the brain and heart. In such cases, hypotension occurs after sitting upright for a long time or exercising, or eating, or remaining in a warm environment for some time or following a stressful condition.
- People taking certain medications like alpha and beta blockers, diuretics, medicines for Parkinson’s diseases and diuretics.
- In case of surgeries, the blood pressure of the patient is lowered deliberately to prevent blood loss.
- Blood pressure also gets lowered for people suffering from thyroid and adrenalin gland problems.
- Women often have been found to suffer from low blood pressure owing to pregnancy and also menstruation.
- People suffering from nutritional deficiencies or dietary deficiencies also tend to have low blood pressure. Patients suffering from bulimia and anorexia go through serious bouts of hypotension.
- Patients who have been bedridden for long also have hypotension due to lack of mobility.
- A severe drop in blood pressure can also be seen in those suffering from blood loss, dehydration, infection, diabetes, and allergies.
- Sometimes hypotension is also genetic and hence runs in families.
What are the Symptoms of low blood pressure?
Some of the most common symptoms of hypotension are as follows:
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Shallow Breathing
- Cold and Pale Skin
- Quick Heart Rate
- Abnormal Heartbeats
- Blurred Vision
- Poor Concentration
Complications due to hypotension
If the blood pressure level drops too much it may give rise to complications like stroke, fainting repeatedly, cardiovascular diseases and even coma.
How to Treat Low Blood Pressure or Hypotension
In order to treat hypotension, it is essential to treat the cause. If the drop in blood pressure is happening owing to medicines then the doctor will prescribe different medicines or dosages. You will have to remain under the doctor’s care and take the medicines from time to time. Sometimes lifestyle changes are also advised to control the condition. Reduction in the intake of salt is often prescribed as it tends to increase blood pressure.